Los Alamos National Laboratory

  • Radiation damage evolution spotlighted in pair of reports

    A pair of reports from Los Alamos National Laboratory this week in the “Nature” journal “Scientific Reports” are helping crack the code of how certain materials respond in the highly-damaging radiation environments within a nuclear reactor.
    The goal of these efforts is to understand at an atomistic level just how materials develop defects during irradiation, and how those defects evolve to determine the ultimate fate of the material.
    “The new insights provided by these studies will aid in both predicting and designing materials for improved performance and ultimately cost savings for nuclear energy production,” said Blas Uberuaga, lead author of one of the reports.
    Together, these results highlight the complex behavior of defects even in the simplest of materials. Further, “they provide insight into how defects evolve, properties that must be accounted for in predicting the performance of materials under irradiation,” said Enrique Martinez Saez, lead author of the second report.
    The first report is “The relationship between grain boundary structure, defect mobility, and grain boundary sink efficiency,” which was authored by Uberuaga, Martinez Saenz, Louis Vernon and Arthur F. Voter.

  • Report: wind power will be viable source

    The Department of Energy released a report looking into the future of wind power and the economic benefit that may come with it last week.
    The DOE put together the report following President Barack Obama’s strategy to take a look at all energy options for the country, including diversifying sources.
    The report, “Wind Vision: A New Era for Wind Power in the United States,” states that with technological advances, wind power could be an economically-viable source of renewable energy throughout the country.
    It states that those technological advances could be made in a relatively short period of time and could make wind power more cost effective and the infrastructure to deliver wind power could be up and running.
    “Every year, wind becomes cost competitive in more states,” said Dan Utech, deputy assistant to the president. “The United States is uniquely poised to accelerate development of this important resource and technology and the report will help us continue to build on the strong progress we’ve already made.”
    Currently, wind power capacity is at 60 gigawatts, which is enough energy to power approximately 16 million homes.

  • Lab reduces water usage

    Los Alamos National Laboratory reported Monday that it had decreased its water usage by 26 percent in 2014, with about one-third of the reduction attributable to using reclaimed water to cool a supercomputing center.
    “Our goal during 2014 was to use only re-purposed water to support our mission at the Strategic Computing Complex (SCC), and we achieved that goal,” said Cheryl Cabbil, associate director of Nuclear and High Hazard Operations, which administers the Sanitary Effluent Reclamation Facility (SERF).
    The reclamation facility contributed more than 27 million gallons of re-purposed water to the SCC, a secured supercomputing facility that supports LANL’s national security mission and is one of the institution’s larger water users.
    “Using reclaimed water from SERF substantially decreased our water usage, supporting our overall mission,” Cabbil said.
    SERF collects industrial wastewater and treats it for reuse. A video that explains how SERF works is available online at links.govdelivery.com.
    In addition to the strategic water reuse program at SERF, LANL reduced water use in 2014 by focusing conservation efforts on areas that use the most water, repairing leaks identified in routine surveys and upgrading to water-conserving fixtures.

  • LANSCE students get hands-on experience

    One of the challenges for Los Alamos National Laboratory is to recruit young talent to continually replenish its workforce of scientists.
    And one of its tools for doing so is by hosting such events as the recent LANSCE school to bring in that young talent and show them what it’s like to work in a world-class laboratory with world-class scientists.
    The event at LANSCE is held annually — this was the 11th consecutive year — and attracts some of the brightest and most motivated young scientists throughout the country.
    This year’s school was the School of Neutron Scattering for Mesoscale Sciences — neutron scattering is a technique for investigating materials used by biophysicists and materials research scientists, among others.
    It’s a competitive school to get into, as well. The school receives applicants from all over the world to take part in the roughly week-long curriculum of lectures and hands-on experiments.
    For Ben Holladay, who is currently a graduate physics student at California-San Diego, it was an easy decision to apply for this year’s school.
    “I have collaborators that I work with who work here,” he said. “My adviser is a long-standing member and he recommended it to me as a way to expand my toolbox of techniques to understand the world.”

  • Gelles to manage DOE's EM-LA office

    Christine Gelles was named the acting manager for the new Environmental Management Los Alamos office Tuesday.
    The announcement was made by the Department of Energy’s Office of Environmental Management.
    “Christine has been engaged in the radioactive waste management challenges at Los Alamos and is actively involved in all aspects of transition planning,” said Mark Whitney, EM’s Acting Assistant Secretary, in a press release announcing the move. “Christine’s significant managerial expertise in all aspects of the EM legacy cleanup mission will enable a smooth transition of activities from NNSA to EM oversight.”
    Also Tuesday, the DOE announced that Pete Maggiore, who has served as manager for the federal environmental cleanup effort since May 2011, will remain with the National Nuclear Security Administration.
    Transition activities are currently underway, according to the DOE, and the process of selecting a permanent manager is also underway.
    The NNSA had previously managed the EM office. Now, the EM-LA office will report directly to the EM headquarters and managed legacy environmental cleanup at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

  • LANL boosts light-water reactor research

    Hard on the heels of a five-year funding renewal, modeling and simulation (M&S) technology developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory as part of the Consortium for the Advanced Simulation of Light Water Reactors (CASL) will now be deployed to industry and academia under a new inter-institutional agreement for intellectual property.
    “This agreement streamlines access to the reactor simulation research tools,” said Kathleen McDonald, software business development executive for LANL, “and with a single contact through UT-Battelle, we have a more transparent release process, the culmination of a lengthy effort on the part of all the code authors,” she said.
    CASL is a US Department of Energy “Energy Innovation Hub” established in 2010 to develop advanced M&S capabilities that serve as a virtual version of existing, operating nuclear reactors. As announced by DOE in January, the hub would receive up to $121.5 million over five years, subject to congressional appropriations.
    Over the next five years, CASL researchers will focus on extending the M&S technology built during its first phase to include additional nuclear reactor designs, including boiling water reactors and pressurized water reactor-based small modular reactors.

  • Native American businesses receive grants

    Los Alamos National Security announced Tuesday six Native American-owned businesses have been awarded grants through LANS’ Native American Venture Acceleration Fund.
    The grants awarded by LANS totaled $60,000.
    “Our Native American Venture Acceleration Fund has become an important resource in the region for tribally held businesses,” said Kurt Steinhaus, director of Los Alamos National Laboratory’s Community Programs Office. “Funds invested into these entrepreneurs helps sustain and grow employment in and around our Northern New Mexico pueblos.”
    Venture Acceleration Fund grants, according to LANS, are designed to help recipients create jobs and ultimately diversify the Northern New Mexico economy.
    The fund is managed by the Regional Development Corporation.
    LANS said more than $200,000 has been generated by the fund.
    In the past two years, nearly $700,000 in new revenue was generated by Native American-owned companies. The newest grant recipients are as follows:

    • Walatowa Timber, Jemez Pueblo: to develop business and manufacturing plans for timber products and expand into the wood pellet industry.

    • High Water Mark, Cochiti Pueblo: to purchase geographic information operating software.

  • LANL scientists named fellows in physics society

    A group of nine Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists are new Fellows of the American Physical Society.
    Cristian Batista, Malcolm Boshier, Dana Dattelbaum, Stephen Doorn, Michelle Espy, George Rodriguez, Avadh Saxena, Sergei Tretiak and Lin Yin are the new honorees from LANL.
    “Selection as American Physical Society fellows is de facto proof of the vibrant engagement Los Alamos scientists are having with the larger technical community,” said LANL director Charlie McMillan. “I am proud of the contributions Los Alamos scientists bring to these professional societies through papers, scientific conference attendance, and other professional interactions. Collaboration and the exchange of ideas through affiliations within societies such as APS play an important role in fueling the scientific innovation required to accomplish our national-security mission.”
    APS nominations are evaluated by the Fellowship Committee of the appropriate APS division, topical group or forum, or by the APS General Fellowship committee. After review by the full APS Fellowship Committee, the successful candidates are elected by the APS Council.

  • Subcontractors score a win in D.C.

    Coordinated lobbying by the Los Alamos National Laboratory Major Subcontractors Consortium (LANL MSC), a collaborative of the 35 largest LANL Subcontractors, and the Regional Coalition of LANL Communities has achieved a victory for local contractors.
    Pete Maggiore, assistant manager of the Environmental Projects Office at the NNSA Los Alamos Field Office, announced during the Feb. 19 Energy Technology and Environmental Business Association meeting held in Santa Fe that “the DOE EM got the message that the LANS ADEP MTOA contracts will be utilized for environmental cleanup work under the DOE EM Bridge contract with LANS, LLC.”
    The bridge contracts will be in effect for the next 18 to 24 months until a new prime contractor is selected.
    The consortium and the coalition traveled to Washington, D.C. as separate entities the week of Feb. 9 in order to meet with New Mexico’s congressional delegation and Department of Energy leadership.
    The coalition included the subcontractor’s concerns as part of their larger agenda.
    One of the consortium’s two major issues was the environmental clean-up transition from the National Nuclear Security Agency (NNSA) to DOE’s Environmental Management (EM) division following the Feb. 14, 2014 waste release incident at the Waste Isolation Pilot Project.

  • Coalition returns from trip

    The Regional Coalition of LANL Communities officials said they felt recent meetings in Washington, D.C. were successful ones.
    A group representing the Coalition in Washington visited the Capitol to meet with the New Mexico Congressional Delegation members, House and Senate Armed Services, Appropriations and Department of Energy officials regarding clean-up issues and funding for Los Alamos National Laboratory.
    One of the Coalition’s aims from its trip was to attempt to bump up the proposed clean-up budget for FY16. The proposal currently is $189, but members would like to see the level at $255 million.
    “Recent news has been about the fines assessed on DOE by the state of New Mexico Environment Department,” said Mayor Alice Lucero of Española, chair of the Regional Coalition. “We of the Coalition support LANL and its clean-up commitments. We believe that payment of fines should not impact the funds for clean-up.”
    The Coalition also met with officials from the New Mexico Environment Department and DOE officials. The Coalition said it value a good relationship and desires to resolve the fines issue.
    Those interested in learning more about what was done at the Washington trip can attend the Coalition’s meeting Friday. The meeting will be from 9-11 a.m. at 1000 Central Ave.