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LANL researchers are developing a system to make ultra-low field magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) commercially viable for medical applications.
The researchers have been working on an ultra-low field MRI system using low temperature SQUIDS (supercomputing quantum interference devices). Ultra-low field MRI with low temperature SQUIDs in a shielded room has many potential advantages for medical imaging, such as convenience, enhanced contrast, and open design.
However, the need for SQUIDs, associated cryogens (low temperature liquids used as refrigerants), and a shielded room made of a special metal alloy are significant drawbacks to a commercially viable system. A SQUID-based system is not cheap because SQUIDS require frequent attention, with cryogens having to be replenished. The team investigated alternative non-cryogenic detection methods and focused on substituting an atomic magnetometer (a tiny but sensitive low-power magnetic sensor) for SQUIDs in ultra-low field MRI.
The substitution of a magnetometer and a flux transformer required the researchers to change the nuclear magnetic resonance frequency and increase the pre-polarization field strength of the system to obtain the needed sensitivity for imaging.
Using this alternative method, the researchers reduced the time needed to take an MRI image. They obtained quality images of a hand with in-plane resolution of 2.5 x 2.5 mm2 after it was in the machine for only five minutes. Conventional commercial MRIs require that the body part being scanned remain immobilized in the machine for substantial periods of time while data for an image is collected.