- Special Sections
- Public Notices
ALBUQUERQUE — As a young boy studying government in school, Stephan Marshall never imagined he would be dealing with the Fourth Amendment every day as an adult. Now, as chief division counsel and historian of New Mexico’s Federal Bureau of Investigation, Marshall has no doubts about its relevance, he recently told a class of FBI Citizens’ Academy participants as he explained the evolution of the USA Patriot Act. “The Fourth Amendment is the right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized,” he said. Marshall explained that the Fourth Amendment was designed as a response to the controversial writs of assistance or general search warrants, which were a significant factor behind the American Revolution. The amendment specifies that judicially sanctioned search and arrest warrants must be supported by probable cause. Marshall pointed out societal differences and events between 1896 and today that have led up to the need for the USA Patriot Act. He explained that in 1928, the Supreme Court held that wiretapping was not within the coverage of the Fourth Amendment.
If you currently subscribe or have subscribed in the past to the Los Alamos Monitor, then simply find your account number on your mailing label and enter it below.
Click the question mark below to see where your account ID appears on your mailing label.
If you are new to the award winning Los Alamos Monitor and wish to get a subscription or simply gain access to our online content then please enter your ZIP code below and continue to setup your account.