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“Why is Jesus referred to as the ‘Alpha and Omega?’ These are Greek letters and He spoke Aramaic.” — Jack
First, remember that Greek was the most widely spoken language of Jesus’ day in His part of the world. Because the writers of the New Testament wrote in Greek, they would have used the Greek letters regardless of how Jesus might have said the phrase in His native tongue.
Second, let’s be clear on the meaning. Using the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, this familiar saying meant “to sum up the whole matter” of a topic (much like we say “A to Z”). Someone who is the “Alpha and Omega” has everything necessary, from start to finish, to be who he is supposed to be.
Now, we turn to where the phrase appears in Scripture. It is found three times in the New Testament, all in the Book of the Revelation. Twice, God uses it in reference to Himself (Rev.1:8; 21:6). Once, the phrase seems to refer directly to Jesus (Rev. 22:13).
This is the point: the phrase highlights the nature and relationship between God and Christ. You see, God is the “Alpha and Omega;” i.e., He is understood throughout the Bible as the One who existed before the world was and who will continue after it is gone. He is “the beginning and the end” of all that is (Gen.1:1; Isa. 41:4; Acts 17:24-25; Rom. 11:36).
Jesus is also the “Alpha and Omega” who occupies the throne of heaven with God (Rev. 21:22-23; 22:1). This is consistent with other texts that identify Jesus as God, the “First and the Last,” the One who has been in existence since before the foundation of the world and who will reign forever over the new heaven and new earth (Jn.1:1-5; 8:58; 17:5; Eph. 1:4; Phil. 2:5-11; Col. 1:15-20; I Pet. 1:20).
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